Uperoleia rugosa (Wrinkled Toadlet)
Size range: Length from nose to rear is 27 mm, maximum 28 mm.
Regions: North East
Description: This toadlet has upper parts that are grey-brown with patches of cream and fine orange spots and very rough skin. Their belly is white with some brown markings. Their throat is grey and they have red markings on their groin and the backs of their legs. Their toes are not webbed, but have broad fringes. Its most distinguishing characteristic is its small head.
Habitat: This toadlet is found in the channel country between Southern Queensland and north-western New South Wales, in dry woodland and grassland habitats, especially waterholes, river overflows or areas that flood after rains. They are mostly associated with areas that are temporarily flooded after spring or summer rain.
Conservation status: R (NPWSA)
Call description: Their call is a short 'craak' sound.
Breeding behaviour: It has been reported that between 81 and 352 eggs are laid, one at a time, attached to submerged vegetation, with each egg being attached to a different piece of vegetation. Males call at any time of the year, except during winter.
Interesting facts: The previously classified Uperoleia capitulata is now considered synonymous with Uperoleia rugosa.